At the present time, there are no significant restrictions on a foreign national purchasing and owning real estate in Spain. Indeed, foreign nationals are able to purchase and invest in nearly any type of property to be found for sale within that country — commercial, residential or other types of investment real estate like Villas in Javea for sale.
When it comes to making the purchase of property in Spain, many experts maintain that a person is well served is he or she takes the time (and spends the money) to hire a lawyer to assist in managing and overseeing the legal affairs associated with the successful purchase of a real estate in Spain.
Once a person identifies a piece of real estate that he or she is interested in purchasing, the first step in the purchase process (after an oral offer to purchase has been made by the buyer and accepted by the seller) is the creation of a preliminary or initial contract for sale. In Spain, it is highly recommended that a person makes absolutely certain that the ownership of the property and any encumbrances on the property are clearly identified before this agreement is signed.
In most instances, a preliminary contract is a fairly substantial and a firm legal agreement. Along with the agreement itself, a buyer will need to put down a deposit of at least 10% of the total purchase price. Under the real estate laws of Spain, the buyer has a more significant burden than is found in some other countries to ensure that the title to the real estate has a title that can be conveyed to the buyer at the conclusion of the sale (clean title). Thus, there are instances in which a title proves to be imperfect, in which the ultimate transfer of ownership cannot occur, and in which the buyer may lose out on the deposit he or she paid because they simply did not carry out the correct checks at the outset.
Many people who have experience in dealing with the buying and selling of property in Spain suggest that foreign nationals should retain the assistance of a capable lawyer at this juncture. While Spanish real estate laws are not particular confusing or difficult to understand, a person seeking to buy a property in Spain bears a greater due diligence responsibility early on in the real estate buying and selling process than do buyers in some other nations.
During the period following the signing of the preliminary or initial contract, the buyer has the opportunity to obtain financing and a mortgage loan to consummate the sale and actually purchase the real estate.
Again, as referenced earlier, the buyer of real estate in Spain has a bit of a stiffer burden to make certain that the title to real estate in Spain is clear before he or she makes a purchase. Additionally, a buyer bears a greater burden than buyers do in other countries when it comes to making certain that there are no mortgages or liens from other lenders on a particular piece of property. While in most other countries the world over, the burden for “clearing title” generally rests nearly exclusively with the seller, such is not the absolute case in Spain.
Unlike in some other countries the world over, the laws governing the buying and selling real estate in Spain generally are uniform across the country. There really are no regional or local differences. (There are some local differences when it comes to matters relating to municipal taxes.)
The final task in the sales process is the payment by the buyer of the amount due and owing under the terms of the initial contract and the conveyance of the deed and possession of the property from the buyer to the seller. Property Abroad always recommends using a Solicitor or Lawyer